Older adults have found medical cannabis to be beneficial in helping ease symptoms of chronic conditions – but more support and education is needed, according to one study.
Researchers conducting a study to understand the use of medical cannabis among older adults have concluded that many are ‘open’ to the treatment as a potential alternative to pharmaceutical drugs.
When entering older age, it is common to suffer from a higher number of conditions that cause daily, and often significant pain, simply as a result of the body getting older.
The study, by researchers from Concordia University, Center for Gerontology in Montreal, Canada, found that medical cannabis consumers over the age of 60 reported the use of this therapy improves quality of life and, and reduces reliance on pharmaceutical drugs.
Lead author, Lydia Manning concluded: “Our findings suggest that older adults are open to medical cannabis as an alternative to pharmaceutical drugs, hopeful with regard to the management of symptoms and pain, and aware of and astute at managing issues related to stigma both from their physicians and family and friends. Furthermore, older adults describe the frustrations with education, awareness, and lack of support with dosing.”
During the study, it was discovered that participants found medical cannabis use to be beneficial in managing chronic conditions and alleviating symptoms such as chronic pain.
While the findings are presented as an interpretation of the participants’ perceptions, this information is expected to help clinicians learn more about the factors impacting medical cannabis use and the types of information and assistance that may aid other adults in accessing the treatment.
It is true that while users report the positive impact of medical cannabis on quality of life and reduction of pain, many are frustrated with the lack of guidance on the subject of the remedy provided by their primary care physician.
This hesitance is defended by health professionals who attribute this to the lack of formal training in the subject.
Commenting on a different study which identified strong positive association between higher frequency cannabis use and self-reported improvements to pain symptoms, deputy director of the National Organisation for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) in the US, Paul Armentano said: “These results are hardly surprising. Many seniors likely experimented first-hand with cannabis during their youth and are now returning to it as a potential therapy to mitigate many of the health-related symptoms that come with older age, including chronic pain. Many seniors are well aware of the litany of serious adverse side-effects associated with available prescription drugs, like opioids, and they perceive medical cannabis to be a viable alternative.”
It is no secret that the population of the UK is ageing, with nearly 12 million people aged over 65 – accounting for 18 per cent of the total population, and with many experiencing health issues including chronic pain, heart disease, arthritis, osteoporosis and Alzheimer’s, these studies are well-timed to offer alternatives to traditional pharmaceuticals.
A 2016 study found that transdermal cannabidiol has potential for reducing pain and inflammation associated with arthritis without any noticeable side effects.
As the body ages, bone density decreases. This can lead to a number of health issues including fractures and bone diseases such as osteoporosis; a condition that causes the bones to become brittle and fragile.
In 2017/18, the NHS revealed that almost 100,000 older people suffered from hip fractures. And according to the Office for National Statistics, 5,048 people aged over 65 died from having a fall in 2017.
Although research remains in its early stages, some studies have demonstrated the potential of cannabinoids, including CBD, for strengthening bones and promoting the healing process.
What are the benefits of CBD?
The benefits of CBD are wide-ranging, here’s a few of the most common ways people find it helpful – and the evidence to back it up.
Over recent years, as the use of CBD has rocketed in popularity, there seems to be no end of uses that people have discovered for it.
However, the ways in which it can be used are often broken down broadly into a few key categories. Cannabis Health takes a look at some of the most common complaints CBD can be used for.
While the conditions may vary, one thing is clear; CBD is a valuable weapon in the fight against chronic pain.
As for the science, in December, a study of Canadian medical cannabis patients found that its use reduced the use of prescription painkillers.
The research found that, at the start of the six-month study, 28 per cent of participants were using opiate-based painkillers, which dropped to 11 per cent at the end.
Such findings are also good news for tackling the UK’s increasing addiction crisis; around 540,000 Britons are thought to be addicted to opioids.
It is understood that CBD’s pain-relieving properties stem largely from its anti-inflammatory effects – which is why it is also gaining popularity among athletes and sportspeople.
Sleep – or the lack of it – is a huge issue, and for many it has only got worse over the past 12 months. Studies suggest than one in four people are struggling to get to or stay asleep, with mothers, key workers and people from minority ethnic backgrounds the worst affected.
While the effect of cannabis on sleeping patterns remains an underdeveloped area of research, it is gaining momentum – with some promising signs.
One study from 2019 showed that levels of cortisol, the stress hormone, reduced significantly in participants who took between 300 and 600mg of CBD oil before bed.
However, another study in the same year found that a more regular dose was needed to improve their ability to fall and stay asleep. After a month on a 25mg dosage of CBD oil, 66.7 percent of patients said their sleep had improved.
Stress and anxiety
We could all do with a stress-reliever from time to time, and too many people still use alcohol or cigarettes for this very purpose.
However, increasing research shows that CBD is a safer and healthier alternative to both of the above, accounting for its rise in popularity amongst the wellness sector.
A landmark study in the US – thought to be the first of its kind – was launched in October last year to investigate CBD’s use as a formal anxiety treatment.
The Cannabinoid Anxiety Relief Education Study is targeting millions of CBD and cannabis users across the US to assess the potential role of cannabinoids in reducing anxiety and other co-morbid conditions, such as insomnia and depression.
And while research still ongoing, preliminary studies also suggest that CBD has been shown to reduce stress in animals such as rats.
Study subjects were observed as having lower behavioural signs of anxiety, and the physiological symptoms of anxiety, such as increased heart rate, also improved.
Medical cannabis to bring in £3 million annual boost for Isle of Man
The medical cannabis sector is expected to generate an additional £3 million a year for the Isle of Man economy after the go ahead was given for cultivation on the island.
The Isle of Man Government voted to approve regulations to issue licenses for the production, distribution and export of cannabis products from the Island.
The Isle of Man is self-governing jurisdiction and following a series of consultations, its Parliament, Tynwald, approved changes to the Misuse of Drugs Regulations which will permit commercial operators to produce medical cannabis products.
The sector, which is estimated to generate around £3 million in annual benefit in the coming years and considerably more through the growth of associated infrastructure – including financial and operational – to support the sector.
The Government also expects the medicinal cannabis sector to support and bring innovation to the Isle of Man’s Cleantech and construction sectors, as well as developing businesses from within and off the island.
The growing global cannabis market provides significant opportunity for economic development in the Isle of Man, with the global market forecasted to account for USD 82.19 billion by 2027.
The new regulatory framework responds to industry and consumer demand for stringent and flexible licensing of a broad range of cannabis products, ranging from outdoor grown industrial hemp to indoor grown medicinal products.
The framework only relates to an export industry and there are no changes to domestic legality of prescription medicinal cannabis or the legality of non-medical adult use of cannabis in the Isle of Man.
The Gambling Supervision Commission (GSC) will serve as the launch regulator for the sector and will be issuing guidance for hemp applications from Isle of Man growers soon.
For high-THC operators, the GSC is finalising its approach to its regulation and is consulting with relevant commercial and government stakeholders, and anticipates issuing guidance and accepting license applications in the first quarter of 2021.
Lawrie Hooper MHK, political member with responsibility for Business Isle of Man, said: “We are delighted to launch this exciting new sector in the Isle of Man and to take advantage of the expertise in regulating new, complex industries while providing stringent consumer safety. We’re confident that GSC’s regulation will once again attract quality businesses to the Island transforming the cannabis export sector into a key contributor to the Isle of Man’s post-COVID economic recovery.’
Mark Rutherford, responsible for preparing the new regulatory framework at the GSC, commented: “The Island has a track record as an early adopter of new sectors. Over the course of the past 20 years acting as the regulator for the Island’s eGaming sector, the GSC has developed expertise in keeping the industry crime free, protecting consumers and providing transparency, and this experience is complementary to the skills that will be required for this new and emerging sector.
“This is an exciting opportunity and we have a sophisticated framework for supervising gambling which can be easily adapted to regulate the cultivation and processing of cannabis. We recognise there is huge potential for this new sector to create real positive economic benefit so we need to ensure we treat the new cannabis sector like we have treated the gambling sector: that license stakeholders that are competent, credible and crime free from the outset.”
CBD in Northern Ireland – what you need to know about EFSA novel food applications
Northern Irish CBD companies have just ‘days’ to get European novel food applications under way if they have not already.
Hemp Federation Ireland has urged CBD companies in Northern Ireland to submit their European Food Standards Agency (EFSA) novel food applications imminently, in order to meet the spring deadline.
While the rest of the UK will fall under Food Standards Authority (FSA) regulations, Northern Ireland must continue to follow EU law after the end of the Brexit transition period.
As set out in the ‘Northern Ireland Protocol’, any companies seeking authorisation for a CBD product to be placed on the market will have to follow EU and EFSA rules.
This is to allow trade to continue uninterrupted between Northern and Southern Ireland.
However, the news has placed CBD companies in Northern Ireland, and those who wish to trade there, in a ‘difficult position’ with just weeks left before the deadline for novel food applications on 31 March.
Hemp Federation Ireland has been advising Northern Irish companies to proceed with the dual application process, allowing them to gain novel food status in both the UK and the EU.
But those who were not aware of this, or have not already begun the dual application process have now been left at a ‘considerable disadvantage’, Chris Allen, of Hemp Federation Ireland, told Cannabis Health.
“While Northern Ireland is still within UK customs territory it is still subject to the provisions of EU law, including food law.
“This does put companies in a difficult position because the time frame is so tight for applications to EFSA, which I believe will close in mid-February. They really want to have those applications well underway within the next couple of days if they want to be covered by EFSA regulations.
“In reality, there is about a 10 day window for them to get the house in order and when you consider the cost of the novel food application, I can only imagine that there are a lot of companies in the UK scratching their heads now.”
All applications must include 90-day toxicity data, with the cost of this estimated to be between £300,000 and £1million.
Stephen Oliver, of London-based cannabis consultancy firm, The Canna Consultants said it is likely that many companies in Northern Ireland will have already invested in the application process, believing they could remain on the market after this date.
“There is bound to be teething problems arising as a result of Brexit, but this does seem a little bit unfair to companies who didn’t know about it,” continued Allen.
“It does seem that UK and Northern Ireland stakeholders in the industry have been placed at a considerable disadvantage.”
As things stand, CBD brands elsewhere in the UK, will no longer be able to sell their validated products in Northern Ireland after March 2021.
England-based CBD firm Honest Hemp, which sells products in Northern Ireland, said the company was hoping to find a solution.
“It’s very sad to hear that the CBD companies based in Northern Ireland will now have their products deemed ‘unlawful’, despite going through the same extensive processes as the rest of us in the UK. So, we do feel very lucky to be able to continue operating as an England-based company, said marketing manager, Georgious Mesimeris.
“Here at Honest Hemp, we are working hard to find a solution that will allow us to continue selling to our customer base in Northern Ireland and ensure their needs are covered. Of course, it’s hard to predict the future in a time like this, but we can keep hoping that things work out for the best eventually.”
Hemp Federation Ireland is working with Irish companies on navigating the post-brexit regulations and is happy to advise on the EFSA application process.
“The whole industry has been constantly shifting in regulations over the past few years and it’s really not the fault of the companies themselves that they find themselves in this position now,” Allen added.
“There is poor understanding of the regulations in Ireland and that is not something that can continue long term, it will have to be resolved. The really important thing now is for people to know what their options are going forward and to understand how Brexit works from this side of the Irish Sea.”
Allen can be contacted by email on: firstname.lastname@example.org
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- What are the benefits of CBD?
- Medical cannabis to bring in £3 million annual boost for Isle of Man
- CBD in Northern Ireland – what you need to know about EFSA novel food applications
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