Luxembourg is planning to purchase 30kg of medical cannabis after high demand left patients facing a shortage last year.
Health Minister Paulette Lenert announced in parliament in response to a question that the country planned to buy 30kg which would total approximately €3 million. She confirmed she had asked the finance ministry to increase the current allowance.
Lenert said that 28.5kg of cannabis with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) levels of 18 percent and 2.25 kg with 10 percent THC have been ordered.
This is a higher amount than the €800,000 that was budgeted for 2021. However, by September 2020 there were already 441 patients prescribed in comparison to 415 for the entire previous year.
Cannabis was legalised for medical use in 2018 for cancer or multiple sclerosis but remains illegal for recreational use. The law will be evaluated at a later stage. COVID-19 delayed plans for Luxembourg to consider recreational use which is thought to be another two years away.
The first prescriptions for patients began in February 2019 and a six-month study has started in February 2021 which will advise the government on the success of the policy.
Luxembourg faced a shortage as demand unexpected surged. The minister also revealed that demand in 2020 was three times higher than in 2019. Doctors prescribed 140 kg of medical cannabis last year. It can only be accessed through hospital pharmacies in Luxembourg.
In just the first four months of 2021, doctors prescribed close to 70 kg of cannabis which was half the total of 2020. It was estimated that there were 630 patients as of June 2021 averaging 40 g of the plant each. Some patients were reportedly waiting for their prescription for over 60 days during the height of the delay.
In September of 2020, there were roughly 2,200 GPs in Luxembourg of which only 240 were authorised to prescribe cannabis. The doctors must undergo a six-hour training session before they are allowed to
There are roughly 2,200 GPs in Luxembourg, but only 240 of them are authorised to prescribe cannabis. “In order to issue a prescription, a doctor must first follow a training session. It’s a short one, I believe only six hours. 240 doctors have completed that, and they have given all prescriptions.”
Authorities were forced to find new suppliers. They are now being supplied by Tilray Deutschland who currently supplies to Germany, Portugal, Poland and Ireland. Its produce is sourced from Portugal and Canada. The maximum amount that the country can import is controlled by the International Narcotics Control Board and increased from 183 kg to 270 kg last year.
The Sisters of CBD giving away free hemp seeds in the US
The Sisters of the Valley have become renowned for growing organic high-CBD hemp plants.
Self-formed order and CBD producers, Sisters of Valley, are giving away 1,000 free packets of hemp seeds to customers in California.
Known in the media as ‘weed nuns’ or the ‘sisters who make CBD’, Sisters of the Valley is a self-formed new age order of women based in the Central Valley of California, USA.
The women have become renowned for growing organic high-CBD hemp plants and producing homemade infused CBD oil which they ship across the world.
Now, to celebrate the arrival of spring, the sisters are giving away souvenir hemp seed packets, to 1,000 US customers who have shopped in their recently-launched online store.
They hope to start send 500 packets in February, followed by another 500 in March.
Those customers will receive a thank card, along with their packet of seeds.
Sister Kate said: “Worried about Covid, economic collapse, global warming, supply chain issues, un-compassionate governments? So are we! Learn to grow your own food and medicine. It’s healing in itself just to be doing something.”
The seeds will be primarily distributed to American customers.
Sister Sophia, explained: “We aren’t shipping internationally because, firstly, there won’t be a lot of them since our international sales have fallen from 20 per cent to three per cent during Covid. And secondly, we don’t want to get anyone in trouble. We will reach out to those international customers and see if they want us to mail them before we
Sisters of Valley Community
The sisters describe themselves as ‘beguine revivalists with influences from the Indigenous Tribes of California’. They also live, work and pray together. While they refer to themselves as order and are called sisters, the group is not affiliated with the Catholic church or any other religion.
Their mission is to get plant-based medicines to those in need. The order work on their own farm to produce high-CBD hemp products including balms and oils.
In 2019 Breaking Habits, a documentary film about Sister Kate was released. It received an award at the London Cannabis Film Festival.
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New global platform offers affordable cannabis education
New online courses are set to offer low-cost, reliable, cannabis education.
A new online education platform is set to tackle stigma around cannabis and open up opportunities for learners across the globe.
Canadian education platform, Edusity, has partnered with the Pharmacology University of Texas-based CHNC, to help learners assess the risks, benefits and business opportunities that come with cannabis legalisation.
Cannabis may be a legal product in Canada, but there are still barriers to learning about the plant, according to Edusity’s founders.
The online education platform enables instructors to post self-directed, video-based courses and to teach live webinars via its virtual classroom. Pharmacology University is another online educational platform which aims to transform the social stigma around medicinal cannabis.
“Education really is the best tool for addressing every area of social change,” said Vishal Shah, co-founder of Edusity.
“In the past, there have been difficulties communicating about legal cannabis education, but with the use of age gate technology and other safeguards, Edusity is helping to create a culture of cannabis literacy that is essential to building a stable, safe industry.”
There are currently 12 low-cost courses from Pharmacology University’s programme available on Edusity.com ranging from cannabis and obesity to cannabis dispensary operations.
Anne Graham, CEO of Pharmacology University, commented: “Pharmacology University is pleased to partner with Edusity on the delivery of our program. As the legalisation of cannabis spreads around the world, there is a need for clear, honest and expertise-driven education about the herb itself, the medical science, the legislation and the business that moves it. We are pleased to have Edusity work with us to make Cannabis education happen.”
71% of CBD consumers see improvement in wellbeing
3,000 people took part in the ‘first of its kind’ study
Results from what is thought to be the largest study to date, show over 70 per cent of CBD consumers saw improvements to their wellbeing.
The study, carried out by Radicle Science, involved over 3,000 participants who were given CBD products to try at home.
The organisation’s Advancing CBD Education and Science (ACES) report, aimed to determine the effectiveness of botanical CBD products.
The randomised controlled trial involved 13 US brands and examined different reasons for taking CBD. This included wellbeing, quality of life, pain, anxiety and sleep quality.
The results revealed that 71 per cent of participants saw an improvement in well-being, with 63 per cent seeing a ‘clinically meaningful improvement in anxiety. A further 61 per cent reported an improvement in sleep quality while 47 per cent said their pain levels were decreased.
Sixty one per cent of participants reported feeling the effects of the CBD within one to four hours of consuming their chosen products.
Speaking with Cannabis Health, Jeff Chen, CEO and co-founder said: “There are studies of American consumers showing that millions are using CBD yet despite that, we still don’t know a lot about it. One of the key reasons is that it was lumped together with cannabis for the longest time so if you wanted to study these products then it was near impossible. What little understanding we have comes mainly from cell and animal studies which shows some amazing things.”
He added: “When we talk about human studies of CBD then there is so little data. The main reasons people are using it is for pain, sleep, stress and anxiety. So our job, as Radicle Science was to generate a body of knowledge and understanding to help consumers.”
The result was a ‘first of its kind’ study providing real-world data on CBD use.
It examined how people used CBD in their own homes rather than a medical setting, how much they use and also what side effects they experienced. To do this, the researchers gathered a diverse pool of participants and paired them with different brands. As the products were mailed to consumers, the study wasn’t limited to those who live near a laboratory and as a result, 3,000 people took part.
Jeff said: “We wanted to involve a variety of different brands with a variety of formulations but we also wanted a diverse pool of participants. This included people from different geographies, ethnicities and demographics to make this as ‘real world’ as possible. We mailed the products to people to take in their own home.”
The success of the CBD was measured with different scientific scales. These findings were assessed through five indices: the World Health Organization (WHO)-5 Well Being Index, the Kemp QOL scale, the Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)-7 scale, the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS™) Sleep Disturbance SF 8B scale, and the PEG-3 Scale for pain.
Jeff said: “When we were assessing the outcomes, we used measures that were developed by the World Health Organisation or the US National Institue of Health for sleep or pain. We collected all of these validated survey instruments along with tonnes of information on demographics, behaviour and health conditions. we want to understand if there are any variables, whether ethnicity or caffeine consumption may affect usage.”
He added: “As we were working with the brands, we knew exactly what products they were taking and what was in them. Our study made calculating the dosage really easy too, which can be really difficult for consumers. We had participants report how many servings they were using whether that is a gummy or a capsule. The bottle is very clear about what each serving is. We have the chemical analytic results, we can back-calculate the dosage to give us a normalised dosage data.”
Radicle Science report results
The study reported significant improvements in the three main areas people reported using CBD for, such as pain, sleep and anxiety.
Jeff said: “We found that depending on what health outcome you are looking at, 47 to 63 per cent of people experienced not just an improvement but a clinically meaningful one. This means that they are experiencing changes to sleep quality or anxiety that is large enough to make a healthcare provider say it is meaningful. It’s strong enough that it deserves to be further utilised.
Another interesting result was that a majority of people reported the impact within several hours of taking the product. We are still trying to figure out the mechanism of action for CBD. It appears that one of the mechanisms seems to be affecting the serotonin system. If you look at things like SSRIs that are prescribed for anxiety, then they can take several weeks to kick in. What we saw was the onset of effects from CBD happening within several hours.”
Jeff highlighted that the study also examined the participant’s quality of life and wellbeing, which may have seen an improvement due to decreased anxiety and sleep problems. The next phase will examine more of the data points from the study.
He said: “We will be doing a lot more sophisticated biostatistics. The next stage will examine the role that demographic or behavioural characteristics may have played or if they had predictive effects on the outcomes. For example, is the use of caffeine or alcohol made you more or less likely to experience an effect. Did ethnicity mean you were more likely to experience a positive outcome?
“We will look at the different product attributes for the 13 brands to see if a gummy had an advantage over a tincture for example. There is still a lot to be determined that will come in the next wave of analysis.”
Prospect Farms entered some of its products into the ACES study.
Speaking with Cannabis Health, CEO Brad Tipper explained how beneficial the study has been for the brand.
“Our focus has been creating terpene-forward products,” said Brad.
“It makes Prospect Farms products unique in the market compared to a lot of our peers. Our balance products which were included in the ACES study are great for mood and cognition. This was a great opportunity for us to be able to differentiate our view of the market right now. We wanted to be able to show the difference in using quality carriers or terpene blends for health outcomes.”
He added: “One of the biggest areas we hoped Radicle Science would shine a light on is consumer behaviour around dosing. Tinctures are still a very unique concept for the broader audience. We are used to taking a supplement or an over the counter product but we are not used to holding something on our tongues for 30 seconds. Thinking about pipettes and graduated marks can be an intimidating concept.”
CBD report and product changes
Brad highlighted that the insights into dosing have been incredibly valuable for the brand. They have been able to take this into consideration when it comes to their products.
He said: “It has informed a lot of our product development considerations. We are restricted in terms of what we can do under current regulations and we can’t make explicit dosage recommendations. We can allow you to understand how much is in each one of your doses and have direct consultations with the consumer. It has also highlighted a need for potentially higher strength products. This has informed some of our product development.”
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