A UK campaign group claims politicians are risking the health of millions if stricter legislation of whole-plant CBD products is introduced.
In a letter to the Kit Malthouse, Minister of State for Crime and Policing, national cannabis campaign group Seed Our Future (SoF) has urged the government to “reconsider” proposed changes to the scheduling of full-spectrum CBD.
The group is concerned that access to whole-plant hemp derived products is being restricted “without any scientific foundation evidence” and says removal of these products from the UK market would be a “public health issue”.
On 11 January, Minister Malthouse wrote to the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) requesting further clarity on the legal levels of THC permitted in CBD products.
His proposed changes in legislation could see all whole-plant hemp derived products, containing trace amounts of naturally occurring THC and other cannabinoids, reclassified as Schedule One drugs.
This would mean all companies developing and distributing full or broad-spectrum products would need to apply for a Schedule One Controlled Drug Licence, pushing many of them out of the industry and creating a “black market”, according to SoF.
Those found in possession of supplements, including hemp tea, could be arrested for possession of Class B drugs and CBD company owners incarcerated for up to 14 years.
Malthouse proposes that the defined trace THC percentage in CBD products should be set at a level between 0.01 percent and 0.0001 percent by “weight per controlled cannabinoid”.
If the ACMD opts for the latter it would make it virtually impossible for producers to remove all trace levels of THC to a legal amount.
In their letter SoF call on the minister to reconsider his request, citing the impact this could have, not only on people’s health but also the health of the economy and the environment, and suggest the move would be a breach of human rights under Article 12 of International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
Guy Coxall, founder of the group has called for Malthouse to resign from his post “with immediate effect” and claims he could be in breach of misconduct in public office.
“The industry is being cornered into manufacturing products using CBD isolates which are simply ineffective,” he said.
“Only a whole-plant product is suitable for our bodies needs, because there are around 500 compounds present which work synergistically together, the result of around 300 million years of this remarkable plants’ evolution.
“The trace amounts of controlled cannabinoids like THC are also needed but in hemp, they are in such small amounts that there is absolutely no chance of attaining a high.”
He added: “It is completely irrational that dangerous psychoactive drugs like alcohol and tobacco are freely available and these are responsible for 90 percent of all drug related deaths, but non-toxic substances such as cannabis – which has caused no deaths from toxicity – continue to be prohibited and controlled, especially those hemp products which are in effect, no more harmful than taking a multivitamin supplement.”
SoF is now in talks with industry stakeholders and lawyers about the possibility of taking legal action against the government and is urging CBD users to write to their own MP raising the issue.
The group’s concern is echoed by many in the sector.
Cannabis scientist and consultant, Christopher Tasker, founder of Global Cannabinoid Solutions, encouraged the Government to engage with those in the industry to develop “evidence-based policies”.
“There is a wonderful community of experts in cannabis who understand the position of the government and are here to support them in developing sensible evidence base policies,” he said.
“A lot of opportunities have been missed out on by skipping these public debates. This clamp down only benefits a small minority of people and directs further detriment to the majority under the veil of public health and safety.”
Mr Tasker continued: “Roughly 255 tonnes of cannabis move through the country each year, this does little but strengthen british demand.This will push consumers into the black market who are seeking whole plant extracts and criminalise those businesses who are trying to do something positive for the nation’s communities.
“We look forward to collaborating with the government on building innovative 21st century evidence-based policies.”
In a statement earlier this week, the UK Home Office told Cannabis Health its position on CBD had not changed and it hoped the advice from the ACMD would “strengthen the law” and allow companies to create “safe and legitimate” CBD products more easily.
A spokesperson said: “The legislation, and the Home Office’s position on CBD, has not changed. CBD, as an isolated substance, in its pure form, is not a controlled drug.
“However if a produce contains THC or other controlled cannabinoids, then it is highly likely this product would be controlled.
“We have asked the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs to provide advice on how we can strengthen the law on consumer CBD products. We hope this advice will allow us to make sure the law is clear and that these products are safe for consumers so those who seek to create legitimate, safe CBD consumer products, are able to do so more easily.”
The Sisters of CBD giving away free hemp seeds in the US
The Sisters of the Valley have become renowned for growing organic high-CBD hemp plants.
Self-formed order and CBD producers, Sisters of Valley, are giving away 1,000 free packets of hemp seeds to customers in California.
Known in the media as ‘weed nuns’ or the ‘sisters who make CBD’, Sisters of the Valley is a self-formed new age order of women based in the Central Valley of California, USA.
The women have become renowned for growing organic high-CBD hemp plants and producing homemade infused CBD oil which they ship across the world.
Now, to celebrate the arrival of spring, the sisters are giving away souvenir hemp seed packets, to 1,000 US customers who have shopped in their recently-launched online store.
They hope to start send 500 packets in February, followed by another 500 in March.
Those customers will receive a thank card, along with their packet of seeds.
Sister Kate said: “Worried about Covid, economic collapse, global warming, supply chain issues, un-compassionate governments? So are we! Learn to grow your own food and medicine. It’s healing in itself just to be doing something.”
The seeds will be primarily distributed to American customers.
Sister Sophia, explained: “We aren’t shipping internationally because, firstly, there won’t be a lot of them since our international sales have fallen from 20 per cent to three per cent during Covid. And secondly, we don’t want to get anyone in trouble. We will reach out to those international customers and see if they want us to mail them before we
Sisters of Valley Community
The sisters describe themselves as ‘beguine revivalists with influences from the Indigenous Tribes of California’. They also live, work and pray together. While they refer to themselves as order and are called sisters, the group is not affiliated with the Catholic church or any other religion.
Their mission is to get plant-based medicines to those in need. The order work on their own farm to produce high-CBD hemp products including balms and oils.
In 2019 Breaking Habits, a documentary film about Sister Kate was released. It received an award at the London Cannabis Film Festival.
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New global platform offers affordable cannabis education
New online courses are set to offer low-cost, reliable, cannabis education.
A new online education platform is set to tackle stigma around cannabis and open up opportunities for learners across the globe.
Canadian education platform, Edusity, has partnered with the Pharmacology University of Texas-based CHNC, to help learners assess the risks, benefits and business opportunities that come with cannabis legalisation.
Cannabis may be a legal product in Canada, but there are still barriers to learning about the plant, according to Edusity’s founders.
The online education platform enables instructors to post self-directed, video-based courses and to teach live webinars via its virtual classroom. Pharmacology University is another online educational platform which aims to transform the social stigma around medicinal cannabis.
“Education really is the best tool for addressing every area of social change,” said Vishal Shah, co-founder of Edusity.
“In the past, there have been difficulties communicating about legal cannabis education, but with the use of age gate technology and other safeguards, Edusity is helping to create a culture of cannabis literacy that is essential to building a stable, safe industry.”
There are currently 12 low-cost courses from Pharmacology University’s programme available on Edusity.com ranging from cannabis and obesity to cannabis dispensary operations.
Anne Graham, CEO of Pharmacology University, commented: “Pharmacology University is pleased to partner with Edusity on the delivery of our program. As the legalisation of cannabis spreads around the world, there is a need for clear, honest and expertise-driven education about the herb itself, the medical science, the legislation and the business that moves it. We are pleased to have Edusity work with us to make Cannabis education happen.”
71% of CBD consumers see improvement in wellbeing
3,000 people took part in the ‘first of its kind’ study
Results from what is thought to be the largest study to date, show over 70 per cent of CBD consumers saw improvements to their wellbeing.
The study, carried out by Radicle Science, involved over 3,000 participants who were given CBD products to try at home.
The organisation’s Advancing CBD Education and Science (ACES) report, aimed to determine the effectiveness of botanical CBD products.
The randomised controlled trial involved 13 US brands and examined different reasons for taking CBD. This included wellbeing, quality of life, pain, anxiety and sleep quality.
The results revealed that 71 per cent of participants saw an improvement in well-being, with 63 per cent seeing a ‘clinically meaningful improvement in anxiety. A further 61 per cent reported an improvement in sleep quality while 47 per cent said their pain levels were decreased.
Sixty one per cent of participants reported feeling the effects of the CBD within one to four hours of consuming their chosen products.
Speaking with Cannabis Health, Jeff Chen, CEO and co-founder said: “There are studies of American consumers showing that millions are using CBD yet despite that, we still don’t know a lot about it. One of the key reasons is that it was lumped together with cannabis for the longest time so if you wanted to study these products then it was near impossible. What little understanding we have comes mainly from cell and animal studies which shows some amazing things.”
He added: “When we talk about human studies of CBD then there is so little data. The main reasons people are using it is for pain, sleep, stress and anxiety. So our job, as Radicle Science was to generate a body of knowledge and understanding to help consumers.”
The result was a ‘first of its kind’ study providing real-world data on CBD use.
It examined how people used CBD in their own homes rather than a medical setting, how much they use and also what side effects they experienced. To do this, the researchers gathered a diverse pool of participants and paired them with different brands. As the products were mailed to consumers, the study wasn’t limited to those who live near a laboratory and as a result, 3,000 people took part.
Jeff said: “We wanted to involve a variety of different brands with a variety of formulations but we also wanted a diverse pool of participants. This included people from different geographies, ethnicities and demographics to make this as ‘real world’ as possible. We mailed the products to people to take in their own home.”
The success of the CBD was measured with different scientific scales. These findings were assessed through five indices: the World Health Organization (WHO)-5 Well Being Index, the Kemp QOL scale, the Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)-7 scale, the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS™) Sleep Disturbance SF 8B scale, and the PEG-3 Scale for pain.
Jeff said: “When we were assessing the outcomes, we used measures that were developed by the World Health Organisation or the US National Institue of Health for sleep or pain. We collected all of these validated survey instruments along with tonnes of information on demographics, behaviour and health conditions. we want to understand if there are any variables, whether ethnicity or caffeine consumption may affect usage.”
He added: “As we were working with the brands, we knew exactly what products they were taking and what was in them. Our study made calculating the dosage really easy too, which can be really difficult for consumers. We had participants report how many servings they were using whether that is a gummy or a capsule. The bottle is very clear about what each serving is. We have the chemical analytic results, we can back-calculate the dosage to give us a normalised dosage data.”
Radicle Science report results
The study reported significant improvements in the three main areas people reported using CBD for, such as pain, sleep and anxiety.
Jeff said: “We found that depending on what health outcome you are looking at, 47 to 63 per cent of people experienced not just an improvement but a clinically meaningful one. This means that they are experiencing changes to sleep quality or anxiety that is large enough to make a healthcare provider say it is meaningful. It’s strong enough that it deserves to be further utilised.
Another interesting result was that a majority of people reported the impact within several hours of taking the product. We are still trying to figure out the mechanism of action for CBD. It appears that one of the mechanisms seems to be affecting the serotonin system. If you look at things like SSRIs that are prescribed for anxiety, then they can take several weeks to kick in. What we saw was the onset of effects from CBD happening within several hours.”
Jeff highlighted that the study also examined the participant’s quality of life and wellbeing, which may have seen an improvement due to decreased anxiety and sleep problems. The next phase will examine more of the data points from the study.
He said: “We will be doing a lot more sophisticated biostatistics. The next stage will examine the role that demographic or behavioural characteristics may have played or if they had predictive effects on the outcomes. For example, is the use of caffeine or alcohol made you more or less likely to experience an effect. Did ethnicity mean you were more likely to experience a positive outcome?
“We will look at the different product attributes for the 13 brands to see if a gummy had an advantage over a tincture for example. There is still a lot to be determined that will come in the next wave of analysis.”
Prospect Farms entered some of its products into the ACES study.
Speaking with Cannabis Health, CEO Brad Tipper explained how beneficial the study has been for the brand.
“Our focus has been creating terpene-forward products,” said Brad.
“It makes Prospect Farms products unique in the market compared to a lot of our peers. Our balance products which were included in the ACES study are great for mood and cognition. This was a great opportunity for us to be able to differentiate our view of the market right now. We wanted to be able to show the difference in using quality carriers or terpene blends for health outcomes.”
He added: “One of the biggest areas we hoped Radicle Science would shine a light on is consumer behaviour around dosing. Tinctures are still a very unique concept for the broader audience. We are used to taking a supplement or an over the counter product but we are not used to holding something on our tongues for 30 seconds. Thinking about pipettes and graduated marks can be an intimidating concept.”
CBD report and product changes
Brad highlighted that the insights into dosing have been incredibly valuable for the brand. They have been able to take this into consideration when it comes to their products.
He said: “It has informed a lot of our product development considerations. We are restricted in terms of what we can do under current regulations and we can’t make explicit dosage recommendations. We can allow you to understand how much is in each one of your doses and have direct consultations with the consumer. It has also highlighted a need for potentially higher strength products. This has informed some of our product development.”
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