Suffering with a severe fever while in Kenya as a teenager, Paul Shrive was given a cannabis-based brew by a local. He not only recovered from the illness, but experienced mental clarity for the first time in his life, he tells Cannabis Health.
Paul Shrive, founder of Leafline CBD, had a challenging childhood. He would frequently get in trouble with his schoolteachers and was bullied by his classmates for being “different than everybody else”.
“It was a very, very difficult and traumatic time for me at school,” Paul recalls, speaking to Cannabis Health.
“Teachers used to look at me as a problem child, because when somebody was screaming at me, I just couldn’t take it; it was like I was being attacked.”
Although he has never been formally diagnosed, Paul has been told unofficially that he is on the autism spectrum, which has meant he experiences his senses differently to most people.
“Everything just goes a zillion miles per hour,” he explains.
“Something wasn’t right, but I spent my life thinking it was just me, that it was just who I was. But there was actually something out there that could make it better, I just didn’t realise it at the time.”
In 1986, when Paul was fourteen years old, his father was offered an opportunity to come out of retirement and travel to Africa to carry out work on a food manufacturing plant that he had helped set up a decade previously.
Paul was given the choice of either going to Africa or staying in school in the UK. Given the difficulties he was experiencing with his teachers and fellow pupils, Paul jumped at the opportunity and boarded the plane to Nairobi with his Dad.
Over the next nine months, Paul came to discover cannabis, which he says was part of everyday life in Kenya despite its illegality.
Paul remembered walking around the outskirts of Nairobi and seeing small children picking a mysterious plant.
“I started noticing these little kids in fields picking plants and filling up these clear bags,” Paul says.
“I wondered what they were doing.
“I got back into Nairobi centre and around the markets I saw the same boys, around eight or ten years old. My Dad told me they were shoeshine boys.
“I noticed that they had dozens of these bags around the waist – I know now that they were bags of cannabis; pure hemp growing everywhere in the fields.
“Businessmen would have their shoes polished and buy these bags and take them to their wives, because they use them for cooking, they use it as herbal remedies – it’s part of their everyday life.”
Not long after arriving in Africa, Paul became ill, catching a serious bug causing an intense fever that continued to rise despite being seen by a number of doctors. He was hooked up to a drip in his hotel room while doctors attempted to cure him through various treatments.
A British chef working at the hotel heard about Paul’s situation and approached his Dad. He believed, as the boy was suffering from an African illness, it would require African medicine to treat.
“I was delirious,” Paul says. “I was all over the place. I really wasn’t well.”
“They had a chat with one of the major tribes in the area and asked if they could help me.
“I don’t know exactly what happened, but I know that I was visited by a ‘witch doctor’ or ‘shaman’ of some kind.
“The next thing that I remember is my father waking me up. He had a clay vial in his hand containing a black and gloopy kind of liquid. It had had alcohol and pure hemp in there.
“I was out for the count completely for more than a day, but while I was knocked out, my temperature started to drop, and drop, and it allowed me to heal.”
Many people, including his father, believed his recovery was purely coincidental, but Paul says it didn’t matter whether it was or wasn’t. What struck him when he regained consciousness was how clear his head was.
“When I came around, for the first time ever, I experienced peace that I’d never felt before,” he says.
“I felt normal. There was nothing that agitated me, I could sit there without fidgeting, I could sit there without having to worry, or feel as though I had to put my hands over my ears.
“When you’ve had a whole life of what you feel is torture, it was a revelation to find that kind of peace and tranquillity.”
For the remainder of his time in Nairobi, Paul was provided with a less potent form of the concoction without the addition of alcohol. He consumed a small amount twice a day. As it contained THC, Paul remembers feeling a rush from the medicine, but it was manageable.
“I could think and I could hold a full conversation. I could look at people in the eye and totally hear what they were saying,” he adds.
On his return to the UK, Paul says he had a “short, sharp shock” when he discovered that the plant was illegal. As a young teenager, he was unaware that people were using cannabis for recreational purposes. With no access to the plant, Paul says he suffered for a number of years.
When CBD began to see an increase in popularity several years ago, Paul was quick to launch his own business, Leafline CBD with his wife Sonia, who has her own journey with the supplement. Suffering with PMDD (post-menstrual dysphoric disorder), a severe form of PMS, Sonia’s doctor prescribed her a low dose of anti-depressants.
Paul suggested to his wife that she try CBD to manage the symptoms instead, so she started taking an oil every morning and night and over time, her symptoms subsided.
“The last thing I wanted, was a pharmaceutical drug to treat it,” says Sonia.
“PMDD isn’t a mental problem, it is a hormonal problem.
“For PMDD sufferers, it last for between 6 days and 3 weeks every month which is no fun at all. I still have symptoms, don’t get me wrong, but they are for a smaller amount of time and symptoms are not as intense since taking CBD. ”
Like the rest of the UK’s CBD sector, Leafline are preparing for the Food Standard Agency’s Novel Food Applications which close on the 31st March.
But as a firm believer in the power of whole-plant extract since his experiences in Nairobi, Paul is fearful that full-spectrum products will no longer be permitted following the deadline.
“Isolate-based [CBD] does have a purpose, it does have a mode of action, but the true goal is whole-plant and I’m really scared because I think it’s going to be taken away from us,” he says.
“Unfortunately, by doing that, it that will create a black market. I’ve had somebody that has been on whole-plant for a long time and then when we gave them an isolate tincture, it didn’t work.”
Paul adds: “You can’t mess with nature. Leave nature alone and nature will do its job.”
Patient Voices: Gillian – “I can’t talk to other mums about cannabis in the playground”
Access to medical cannabis has allowed Gillian to be a better mother to her six children, but despite having a legal prescription she is still fearful of speaking out and facing backlash.
After barely being able to move off the sofa due to debilitating chronic pain and the side effects of prescription drugs, Gillian Flood can drop her children off at school again.
She no longer has to rely on her husband to take care of their six children – several of whom have additional needs – and can give them the routine they need.
“I can get up and take my kids to school. I can make them dinner and spend time with them doing things we enjoy,” says the 39-year-old.
“If I was having a flare, my kids wouldn’t understand that I wasn’t in control of that and it was really difficult, whereas as now it’s all manageable.
“I’m not just lying there too sore, or suffering the effects of the tablets I was on. Now even when things are difficult, it’s easier.”
Gillian was prescribed cannabis to manage the symptoms of fibromyalgia in 2020. It has reduced her pain and nausea so can get out of bed in the morning, and also helps with the symptoms of PTSD and depression.
“Even if I’m still in pain, I feel calmer and more in control. I know that I’ve got this helping hand,” Gillian explains.
“It stops the nightmares, that’s the biggest thing. I can sleep through the night and not wake up sweating and shaking – and if you can get a good night’s sleep it makes the next day a lot easier.
“I can get pleasure out of life, it means so much to me that finally I have something that not only improves things but doesn’t have any of the terrible side effects I have previously suffered on other medication.
She adds: “It may not be perfect but it’s a whole lot better than what it was.”
Gillian has experienced mental health issues since she was a teenager, but after her children were born her health deteriorated.
It took six years of living with unexplained, debilitating pain – with doctors blaming it on the idea that she had “strained” her body by having children – before she was diagnosed with fibromyalgia in 2018.
“I was getting all kinds of crazy pain, one side of my face had dropped and I was completely numb down one side of my body, I knew there was too much going on for it just to be a result of having children,” says Gillian.
She was initially prescribed gabapentin, which left her with “horrific” side effects.
“I felt like I was drunk all the time, I was staggering about and my speech was slurred,” she says
“Then I was on pregabalin but that didn’t work either and turned my brain to mush. It was really hard to think or concentrate, so eventually I came off everything.
Gillian continues: “I was in pain and felt sick all the time and I was either in bed or on the couch. I couldn’t play with the kids and my husband was having to do everything.”
She had previously raised the idea of cannabis with her doctor but had been told it was “not helpful” and might actually make her mental health symptoms worse.
“They said they wouldn’t treat my mental health problems if I was going to take cannabis,” she recalls.
“It meant it wasn’t an option for me, even though I thought it would work, because I’ve got kids in the house I felt a lot of pressure to do things legally.”
Although there were no medical cannabis clinics in Scotland at the time, Gillian researched getting a prescription online and found the process relatively straightforward. However, the costs associated with having to fund it privately is still a struggle for her, despite them slowly coming down.
“It’s challenging to afford it,” she says.
“Some people have an attitude of ‘well it’s okay for you’ but we’re all making sacrifices, it’s not coming easy to anybody.
“For the majority of us we have to cut things from other areas in our life to be able to afford it or borrowing money and running up debt.
“Yes, you get access to consistent medicine and see a doctor which is great, but another part of it is just because you don’t want to be breaking the law and that shouldn’t come at such a high cost.”
Gillian came across the patient-run advocacy group PLEA (Patient-Led Engagement for Access) last year, after looking for other cannabis patients she could connect with.
“I didn’t know any other patients and it was hard to find out about the different treatments,” she says.
“If you get put on gabapentin you can go online and read about millions of patients who are on it and learn about their experience.”
PLEA was founded in 2020 and is run voluntarily by a team of experienced patient advocates to challenge the inequalities in access to cannabis-based medicinal products and improve things for patients.
“It’s helped massively to know that there are other people in the same position.
“People don’t talk about cannabis, it is frowned upon,” Gillian continues.
“I can’t talk to mums about it in the playground, but it’s normal to say at 11am ‘can we get the wine open yet?'”
Despite those close to her having been supportive of her prescription, Gillian still fears the stigma from people who aren’t aware of the medicinal benefits of cannabis, particularly other parents at the school gates.
“My family are all supportive, they’re just glad I’m feeling a bit better and even some friends who were anti-cannabis have actually changed their attitudes once they learned about the fact that it could be a medicine,” she says.
“But even though I have a prescription I wondered whether I should remain anonymous for this interview because I don’t want people to think bad of me.”
Gillian is now a member of PLEA’s Patient Working Group, which is helping to ensure patient’s voices are heard as the cannabis industry develops and access improves, which is something which can’t come soon enough for her.
“I know things take time, but I would like cannabis to be seen as more of a first line treatment rather than a last resort,” adds Gillian.
“I don’t blame the doctors, they don’t have the knowledge or are just going on what they’ve been told, but it’s wrong that they can prescribe these tablets that are really harmful and addictive, when there’s another option.
“If things had been different, I could have saved years of my life when my kids were young that I will never be able to get back.”
In our Patient Voices series, we’re sharing the stories of members of PLEA’s Patient Working Group.
Read Eppie’s story here
Dad-of-three says cannabis helped him beat terminal cancer
After being diagnosed with terminal cancer, Scott Davis started taking cannabis oil. Despite being given 12 to 18 months to live, two-and-a-half years later the tumour has “disappeared”.
In the summer of 2018 at the age of 38, Scott Davis started experiencing stomach cramps and loss of appetite. When he started losing weight without explanation, he decided to visit his doctor.
Over the following weeks, the father-of-three was in and out of hospital for a number of inconclusive tests and consultations until his doctor diagnosed him with inoperable colon cancer.
As a rare and aggressive form of cancer, his doctor informed him that he had between 12 and 18 months to live.
With his wife pregnant and due to give birth in three months, the news was a horrendous blow for Scott and his family.
“I was getting stomach cramps and things like that, but the last thing you think of is cancer,” Scott told Cannabis Health.
“They got me in the room that day and gave me the news. They said it was terminal and there was nothing they could do.”
Scott was in a state of shock. He couldn’t believe that he could go from being completely fit and healthy to being diagnosed with a terminal illness within a matter of months.
“You’re in a daze, it’s like a bomb has gone off and you can hear the ringing but everyone else around you are just getting on with their lives while you’re still sat there dealing with the aftermath,” he said.
“It takes a while for it to sink in.”
Despite not having any treatment options available to him, Scott didn’t lose hope and although he was told to prepare for what could be his final Christmas, he remained optimistic.
“I’ve never thought ‘oh God, this is it, I’m cooked’,” Scott said. “I always thought there must be something; there had to be something.
“‘Maybe I could be lucky’, I thought. Maybe I could be one of these people that uses these alternative methods and finds the key to recovery and goes into remission.”
His Dad was the first person to suggest cannabis.
Later, a nurse at the hospital handed him a piece of paper reading ‘Rick Simpson’, a prominent Canadian cannabis activist who reported that cannabis oil enabled him to recover from skin cancer.
Scott called his friends and a day later they were at his bedside with CBD and THC oil.
Before his course of palliative chemotherapy began, Scott started taking CBD and THC at high doses; he said he did not have time to build up his tolerance.
“The only reason why I went hell for leather is because I’ve got three children and a beautiful wife. I’ve got a lovely life and I wasn’t ready to leave it,” he said.
Scott was also put on a course of morphine and Tramadol to combat the pain. With the combination of powerful opioids and strong cannabis oils, Scott said he looked like a “zombie” to visitors, but within a matter of weeks he noticed that he was needing less and less pain medication.
As he gradually came off the morphine and Tramadol he found that the CBD and THC kept the pain at bay without the negative side effects of opioids.
“The more I started taking [cannabis oils], the fitter I started feeling,” Scott said.
“At one point I couldn’t even walk around my hospital bed without getting out of breath.
“My main goal in the hospital was to have a shower on my own and not use the disabled seat.”
After six sessions of palliative chemotherapy, Scott was allowed home to see his daughter being born and spend what he thought could be his last Christmas with his family.
The palliative chemo shrunk Scott’s tumour by 50 percent, offering a glimmer of hope for him and his loved ones.
Several months later, he received more good news, when doctors told him that the tumour was stable and contained, and they could keep it under control for up to ten years. But Scott was determined to be cancer-free.
“I couldn’t know that I had something there even if it was stable and contained,” he said.
“That wasn’t good enough. I was only 38, I didn’t want to think that I only had until 48 – that’s still young.”
Scott continued taking CBD and THC along with the other medications and supplements that were helping him beat his battle with cancer, including vitamin D, vitamin B17 (apricot seeds), immune-boosting mushrooms and fenbendazole, an anti-parasitic veterinary drug that has gained attention for its potential to inhibit tumour cell growth.
At the beginning of 2020, 16 months after his course of palliative chemo, Scott was given the remarkable news that the cancer was in remission.
“For them to say that the tumour was there but showing no [signs of] active cancer was an incredible moment,” he said.
“It was an incredible feeling to know that everything I’d read about the things that I’d been taking had actually started to work; it had actually benefited me.”
Since then, Scott says the tumour has completely “disappeared”, leaving nothing but scar tissue behind. As his test results have continued to show improvement, he says he is beginning to enjoy life again.
“With cancer, unfortunately, you’re always waiting for the next test or the next scan,” Scott continued.
“But as they go on and I get more positive results and my blood tests are all coming back better than average, it starts giving you the confidence to relax a little bit more and enjoy life again. You haven’t got that weight on your shoulders all the time.”
Although he believes cannabis medication played a vital role in his recovery, it was the synergy between cannabis, chemotherapy, fenbendazole and the numerous other supplements he used that allowed him to beat the disease.
“I’ve never said like it’s this that cured me or that that cured me,” Scott said.
“I believe it’s been a combination of the palliative chemo, the cannabis, the diet change, and maybe even the fenbendazole towards the end to snuff it out.
“I honestly think the combination of the alternative and the conventional can work side by side.”
Scott is one of many who have claimed that cannabis has played an important role in their cancer recovery.
However, as an illegal and expensive substance, THC-containing cannabis products remain out of reach for many cancer patients. Meanwhile, due to a lack of regulation, some find it difficult to source high-quality CBD that offers the benefits that they have read about.
Scott says he was “lucky” to have taken out life insurance which gave him the freedom to look for alternatives.
“Due to the nature of the CBD, and it only just getting over to the UK it was really difficult to find a trusted brand,” he said.
“[Life insurance] allowed me to spend a lot of money buying CBD from the wrong places and going down the wrong routes, but I was fortunate enough that I had the finances to not worry about things like that.
“I would never have been able to afford the amount that I’ve [consumed] if it wasn’t for that insurance money.”
Scott has now retired from his career as a self-employed builder and is running his own CBD brand, Life Oils, which he launched in 2020 with friend and now business partner, Matt.
The duo say they aim to produce high-quality products that they themselves would use and help people navigate their way through the often complicated world of CBD.
“We’re at the point where we’ve got something that we know is good and we know can help people,” Scott said.
“Now, we’re just trying to get it out there in the right way.”
“CBD allows me to function” – biker ‘died’ three times after freak road accident
After a serious motorbike accident, Gary Brennan almost lost his life, undergoing 54 operations to fix his broken body. Gary speaks to Cannabis Health about the “life-changing” accident and how CBD helps to manage the pain 11 years on.
On February 28th 2010, Gary Brennan collided with a car while riding his motorbike.
He broke both shoulder blades, tore his liver, crushed his kidney, shattered his pelvis fractured his spine and suffered from bleeding on the brain and a collapsed lung.
These are just some of the life-threatening injuries that he sustained in the accident.
So severe were his injuries that he was declared dead at the scene of the incident. Paramedics were able to resuscitate him before he was helicoptered to Leeds General Infirmary where he underwent emergency surgery.
During the operation, his heart stopped twice and his family were told that he may have just a few hours to live. He was put into an induced coma and relied on a life support machine to breathe.
Miraculously, Gary survived.
His condition stabilised enough to come out of the coma, but since then he has undergone a total of 54 operations.
When Gary’s condition stabilised enough to come out of the coma he was in excruciating pain. Having battled injuries that doctors deemed barely survivable, the 63-year-old was administered a plethora of drugs to keep the pain under control and has since undergone a total of 54 operations.
“The accident was life-changing to say the least,” Gary told Cannabis Health.
“I got through the operations and everything else, and then I got to the stage where I was lying in bed, zoomed out my head every day of my life with the drugs that I was taking.”
The cocktail of medications including morphine and ketamine kept the pain at bay but according to the father-of-four, it was “destroying” his brain.
Bed-bound, in pain and suffering from a relentless medication plan, Gary slipped into a period of depression and at one point considered suicide.
“I don’t say this lightly,” he said. “It brings tears to my eyes just thinking about it; that I actually even considered it having been a fit, active father-of-four and grandfather-of-six.
“But that was what the drugs were doing to me.”
Gary recalls waking up in the morning “groggy as hell” and in agonising pain until he took his medication.
“All it would do was numb my mind so that I didn’t feel the pain,” he added.
Knowing he had to find an alternative, he looked into CBD.
Although he was sceptical at first and questioned whether the benefits were merely a placebo effect, Gary found that CBD was helping reduce the pain while still allowing him to keep a “clear” head.
“Now I’ve got clarity, I’ve got a clear head, I can get out of bed in the morning. I still get the twinges but it’s not as severe pain,” he continued.
“The pain is always going to be there, but it’s handled in a different way. It doesn’t numb your brain, but the actual place that’s aching. It gives me relief and allows me to function.
“It changed my outlook on pharmaceutical drugs.”
Gary has now come off all prescription drugs apart from one, which he takes “now and then” to lower his blood pressure. Instead, he takes four capsules of CBD each day, equating to 720 milligrams.
Eleven years on from the crash, he has founded his own CBD brand, Brain Body Balance, and is working with US company, Ananda Scientific, to bring its patented Liquid Structure CBD formulation to the UK.
Ananda claims that the nano-sized technology makes its CBD formulation up to 20 times more bioavailable in the first 30 minutes than standard CBD. This is down to its “non-destructive” shell which contains the CBD and is able to pass through the gut and liver without being broken down. The shell only disintegrates when it reaches the small intestine, allowing for a greater amount of CBD to enter the bloodstream.
Ananda’s pharmaceutical-grade CBD is currently undergoing clinical trials to test its efficacy for treating pain, diabetes and mental health conditions including PTSD and anxiety.
Meanwhile, the nutraceutical arm of the company has launched over-the-counter products in the UK and the US through brands like Brain Body Balance.
For Gary, producing a product with high bioavailability was a priority.
“I knew the product itself worked, but actually getting it into the bloodstream where it does its job is the hardest thing to do,” Gary said.
“You have to use stronger and stronger doses in order to get it into your bloodstream.”
Alongside his CBD venture, Gary set up the charity, Day One Major Trauma Support to limit the impact of trauma on patients and families in hospitals across Leeds and the wider Yorkshire area.
“When I was lying in hospital, the doctors would come around once a day and say, ‘how are you feeling, Gary?’, ‘can you feel your toes?’. Then they would say, ‘see you tomorrow’ and off they go,” he said.
“The nurse comes around, gives you your pills, then your family come in, pat you on the head and say it’ll be okay. Basically, that’s all you get.”
Aware of the lack of support, Gary set out to create a service that helped those like him who had suffered from major trauma. The charity provides financial assistance, legal advice and practical and emotional support.
Off the back of its success at Leeds General Infirmary, the charity will now be rolling out its services in all 27 major trauma centres in the UK.
Gary added: “Any help is there first-hand, no matter what, so nobody’s left in the lurch.”
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