Connect with us


1 in 8 older US adults now use cannabis products, finds study

The number is significantly higher than before the pandemic.



12% of people aged 50 to 80 say they have consumed a THC-containing substance in the past year.

More older Americans consume cannabis now than before the pandemic, according to a new study, prompting calls for more open communication with healthcare providers.

Data from the National Poll on Healthy Aging, which is run by University of Michigan’s Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, shows that 12% of people aged 50 to 80 have consumed a THC-containing substance in the past year, with 4% saying they do so multiple times a week.

The findings, published in the journal Cannabis and Cannabinoids Research, suggest a need for more education and screening of older adults for cannabis-related risk, say the researchers. 

The national poll of 2,023 older adults was taken in January 2021, nine months into the pandemic and just as the first Covid-19 vaccines were being made available to the groups at the highest risk.

The 12% overall past-year use of cannabis seen in the new study is higher than the 9.5% seen in 2019 by other researchers pre-pandemic, and far higher than the 3% seen in another study in 2006, when only 12 states had passed medical cannabis laws. The NPHA in 2017 found that 6% of older adults had used cannabis for medical purposes.

In the new study, in addition to the 4% who said they use cannabis products four or more times a week, another 5% said they use cannabis once a month or less. 

The poll question asked about use of any product containing THC – including edibles – and used multiple common names for cannabis. However, it did not differentiate between medical and recreational use.

Older adults who said they were unemployed, those who said they were unmarried and had no partner, and those who said they drank alcohol were more likely to say they used cannabis.

Anne Fernandez, PhD, an addiction psychologist in the U-M Addiction Center and Department of Psychiatry who led the study, commented: “As the stress of the pandemic and the increased legalisation of cannabis by states converged, our findings suggest cannabis use increased among older adults nationally. 

“Older adults represent a vulnerable age group for cannabis use due to interactions with medications, risky driving, cannabis-related mental health impacts and increased possibility of falls and memory issues.”

Fernandez also noted that those whose alcohol use was high enough to cause physical and psychological harm, were nearly eight times as likely to say they had used cannabis in the past year. But even those with low-risk alcohol drinking patterns were more than twice as likely to say they had used cannabis in the past year.

This group of dual-substance users is one that doctors and public health officials should pay special attention to, she said.

“Other research has shown that using both alcohol and cannabis increases the chance that a person will drive while impaired,” she explained. 

“They are also more likely to have physical and mental health issues, including substance use disorders. Screening for alcohol use, cannabis use, and other drug use could help more people get counselling and reduce their risk and risk to others.”

While there were no statistical differences among older adults by age, health or mental health status, income or education, those who said they had Hispanic backgrounds were less likely than non-Hispanic older adults to say they used cannabis. 

Fernandez advises any older adult who chooses to use cannabis products for any reason to be open with their health care provider about it, especially if they also drink alcohol or take certain medications. 

Physicians, nurse practitioners and pharmacists can advise if any medications a person is taking might interact with cannabis, including ones for insomnia, depression and anxiety, opioid-containing pain medications, seizure medications, and blood thinners.

Estimated reading time: 3 minutes

Home » News » 1 in 8 older US adults now use cannabis products, finds study

Sarah Sinclair is a respected cannabis journalist writing on subjects related to science, medicine, research, health and wellness. She is managing editor of Cannabis Health, the UK’s leading title covering medical cannabis and CBD, and sister titles, Cannabis Wealth and Psychedelic Health. Sarah has an NCTJ journalism qualification and an MA in Journalism from the University of Sunderland. Sarah has over six years experience working on newspapers, magazines and digital-first titles, the last two of which have been in the cannabis sector. She has also completed training through the Medical Cannabis Clinicians Society securing a certificate in Medical Cannabis Explained. She is a member of PLEA’s (Patient-Led Engagement for Access) advisory board, has hosted several webinars on cannabis and women's health and has moderated at industry events such as Cannabis Europa. Sarah Sinclair is the editor of Cannabis Health. Got a story? Email / Follow us on Twitter: @CannabisHNews / Instagram: @cannabishealthmag


Cannabis Health is a journalist-led news site. Any views expressed by interviewees or commentators do not reflect our own. All content on this site is intended for educational purposes, please seek professional medical advice if you are concerned about any of the issues raised.

Copyright © 2023 PP Intelligence Ltd.